Hybrid warfare and the challenge to international law





Hybrid Warfare, International Law, Cybersecurity, Information Warfare, Strategic Deterrence, Legal Frameworks


This article explores the complex landscape of hybrid warfare, a multifaceted conflict strategy blending conventional military tactics with cyberattacks, information warfare, and economic coercion. It examines the challenges hybrid warfare poses to international law, the difficulties in establishing legal definitions, and the strategic responses by major powers including Russia, the United States, and China. The discussion extends to the adaptation of national and international strategies to address the gray zones of conflict that hybrid warfare exploits. Emphasizing the need for innovative legal frameworks and international cooperation, the article highlights hybrid warfare’s impact on global security dynamics and the evolving nature of warfare in the digital age.


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How to Cite

Tursyn, A., & Turuntaeva, A. (2024). Hybrid warfare and the challenge to international law. Eurasian Science Review An International Peer-Reviewed Multidisciplinary Journal, 2(5), 10–19. https://doi.org/10.63034/esr-92